[31][32] Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; here salt production began between 5th millennium BC and 4th BC. [353] In 2014, 31.2% of births were to unmarried women. The Greek Catholic or Uniate church, reunified with the Orthodox Church by fiat in 1948, was restored after the 1989 revolution. [95][96] Basarab I of Wallachia united the Romanian polities between the southern Carpathians and the Lower Danube in the 1310s. – FC Petrolul Ploiești", "EL: Roma and Astra Giurgiu celebrate | Football Italia", "Viitorul confirmed as Romanian champions after row over rules", "Studiu IRES: Fotbalul, cel mai iubit sport in Romania; Simona Halep, locul patru in clasamentul celor mai mari sportivi romani ai tuturor timpurilor – Fotbal – HotNews.ro", "Handball World Mourns the Loss of Icon, Friend & Teacher", "Neagu and Hansen named 2018 World Players of the Year | IHF". According to the 2011 Romanian census they number 51,703 people, making up 0.3% of the total population. [101][102] A military commander of Romanian origin, John Hunyadi, organised the defence of the Kingdom of Hungary until his death in 1456. In February 1947, he and others forced King Michael I to abdicate and leave the country and proclaimed Romania a people's republic. Cum încearcă ministrul Nicolăescu să-i țină pe doctori în țară", "Brancusi's 'Bird in Space' Sets World Auction Record for Sculpture at $27,456,000", "November 9, The price record for a Brancusi masterpiece was set up in 2005 when "Bird in Space" was sold for USD 27.5 M", "Sounds Like Canada feat. ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations Statistical Division. [261] In May 2009, Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of State, declared that "Romania is one of the most trustworthy and respectable partners of the USA. [328] More than 1.9 million foreign tourists visited Romania in 2014, 12% more than in 2013. [178] Romanian and German troops massacred at least 160,000 local Jews in these territories; more than 105,000 Jews and about 11,000 Gypsies died during their deportation from Bessarabia to Transnistria. [412] Multiple castles exist in Romania, including the popular tourist attractions of Peleș Castle,[413] Corvin Castle, and Bran Castle or "Dracula's Castle". [145][146], Fearing Russian expansionism, Romania secretly joined the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in 1883, but public opinion remained hostile to Austria-Hungary. [461], Tennis is the second most popular sport. Human remains found in Peștera cu Oase ("Cave with Bones"), radiocarbon dated as being from circa 40,000 years ago, represent the oldest known Homo sapiens in Europe. [24] After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word rumân gradually fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form român. [70][71] The Gesta also listed many peoples—Slavs, Bulgarians, Vlachs, Khazars, and Székelys—inhabiting the same regions. [275], In December 2011, the Romanian Senate unanimously adopted the draft law ratifying the Romania-United States agreement signed in September of the same year that would allow the establishment and operation of a US land-based ballistic missile defence system in Romania as part of NATO's efforts to build a continental missile shield.[276]. [119] The sultans lost confidence in the native princes and appointed Orthodox merchants from the Phanar district of Istanbul to rule Moldova and Wallachia. [35], Romania is one of the least urbanised countries in Europe. [302] The World Bank estimates the railway network at 22,298 kilometres (13,855 mi) of track, the fourth-largest railroad network in Europe. Romania’s current population growth rate is -0.66%, meaning that the population decreased by about 126,866 people from 2019 to 2020. [134] In Transylvania, most Romanians supported the imperial government against the Hungarian revolutionaries after the Diet passed a law concerning the union of Transylvania and Hungary. Coordinates: 46°N 25°E / 46°N 25°E / 46; 25, – in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]. [306] Around a third of the produced energy comes from renewable sources, mostly as hydroelectric power. Amongst countries who have never hosted the event themselves, they are second in the total number of medals earned. Peaceful demonstrations degenerated into violence, prompting the intervention of coal miners summoned by Iliescu. [184] After a successful Soviet offensive, the young King Michael I ordered Antonescu's arrest and appointed politicians from the National Democratic Bloc to form a new government on 23 August 1944. "Romanian film "Child's Pose" wins Berlin Golden Bear", "Report on the Nominations from Luxembourg and Romania for the European Capital of Culture 2007", "Muzeul National Peles | Site-ul oficial al castelelor Peles si Pelisor", "Traditii si obiceiuri romanesti. [153] The General Congress of Bukovina proclaimed the union of the province with Romania on 28 November 1918, and the Grand National Assembly proclaimed the union of Transylvania, Banat, Crișana and Maramureș with the kingdom on 1 December. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 square miles), Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe and the seventh-most populous member state of the European Union, having approximately 19.3 million inhabitants (as of 2020). [56][60] The Gepids took possession of the former Dacia province. [350] As of 2009[update], there were also approximately 133,000 immigrants living in Romania, primarily from Moldova and China. The NUTS-3 (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) level divisions of the European Union reflect Romania's administrative-territorial structure and correspond to the 41 counties plus Bucharest. Ce strategie ar trebui să aplice! [389] It covers medical examinations, any surgical interventions, and any post-operative medical care, and provides free or subsidised medicine for a range of diseases. Minority populations are greatest in Transylvania and the Banat, areas in the north and west of the country, which were part of the Kingdom of Hungary (after 1867 the Austria-Hungary) until the end of World War I. [35][36] The Cucuteni–Trypillia culture—the best known archaeological culture of Old Europe—flourished in Muntenia, southeastern Transylvania and northeastern Moldavia in the 3rd millennium BC. [422], Pork, chicken, and beef are the preferred types of meat, but lamb and fish are also quite popular. Brâncuși has a sculptural ensemble in Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was auctioned in 2005 for $27.5 million. What Lessons for the Spatial Policy? World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. [138][139], Cuza's successor, a German prince, Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (or Carol I), was elected in May. [452] They were also Europa League semi-finalists in 2006. ", "Romania's powerful mayors tumble in corruption crackdown", Romania PM Ponta resigns over Bucharest nightclub fire, "Huge Romania rally despite decree repeal", "Thousands of Romanians rally against ruling party's judicial overhaul", "NATO update: NATO welcomes seven new members", Human Development Report 2009 – Country Fact Sheets – Romania, "Romanian Politics in 2012: Intra-Cabinet Coexistence and Political Instability", "Romania's Infrastructure and International Transport Links", Romania, world's 53rd country in quality of life index – Denisa Morariu, Sistemul de invatamant distrus de lipsa reformelor – Cluj, D+C 2010/03 – Focus – Roos: In Romania and Bulgaria, civil-society organisations are demanding rule of law – Development and Cooperation – International Journal, "Human Development Report 2016 – "Human Development for Everyone, "Report: Romanian diaspora, fifth largest in the world", "EarthTrends: Biodiversity and Protected Areas – Romania", "Bears. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The current population of Romania in 2020 is 19,237,691, a 0.66% decline from 2019.; The population of Romania in 2019 was 19,364,557, a 0.73% decline from 2018.; The population of Romania in 2018 was 19,506,114, a 0.75% decline from 2017.; The population of Romania in 2017 was … [390] In 2010, Romania had 428 state and 25 private hospitals,[391] with 6.2 hospital beds per 1,000 people,[392] and over 200,000 medical staff, including over 52,000 doctors. In November 2014, Sibiu (German: Hermannstadt) former FDGR/DFDR mayor Klaus Iohannis was elected president, unexpectedly defeating former Prime Minister Victor Ponta, who had been previously leading in the opinion polls. The following demographic statistics are from National Institute of Statistic on 1 July 2016. [233], Following the experience of economic instability throughout the 1990s, and the implementation of a free travel agreement with the EU, a great number of Romanians emigrated to Western Europe and North America, with particularly large communities in Italy, Germany and Spain. 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[111][112] The neighboring powers forced him to abdicate in September, but he became a symbol of the unification of the Romanian lands in the 19th century. [142] Although Romanian scholars strove for the unification of all Romanians into a Greater Romania, the government did not openly support their irredentist projects.


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