Stroke volume The amount of blood pumped out of the heart (left ventricle - to the body) When the runner can no longer keep up with the beeps, they stop and their final level is recorded and compared with the published tables. Definition: The ability to move all or part of the body as quickly as possible. Examples: Flexibility is important in sports such as dance and gymnastics as it allows participants to perform complex moves efficiently and improves the aesthetic quality of the performance. However, highly trained athletes may find that normative comparisons are no longer relevant to their own progress. Each minute, the time between the beeps gets shorter, so running speed has to increase. GCSE (9–1) Physical Education Glossary of terms. GCSE Physical Education (PE) revision section covering the 3 types of strength - static strength, explosive stength and dynamic strrength. Definition: The ability to use voluntary (skeletal) muscles repeatedly without tiring. CONTENTS ... (as per the World Health Organization’s definition: 1948) – ‘A state of complete physical, ... Agility combines speed, co-ordination, reaction time and strength and is applicable to most sporting scenarios. Read about our approach to external linking. Examples: Speed is important in sprinting, speed skating, sprint cycling and sports such as tennis when a player has to move forward quickly from the baseline to reach a drop shot close to the net. Strength The maximum force a muscle/group of muscles can apply against a resistance. There are different types of strength, two of which are as follows: However, events like the 100 metres However, highly trained athletes may find that normative comparisons are no longer relevant to their own progress. The score is recorded and compared with the published tables. The strength of a wind, current, or other force is its power or speed . An explanation of the different components of physical fitness. Sign in, choose your GCSE subjects and see content that's tailored for you. Flexibility is needed by football and hockey goalkeepers to allow them to stretch further to make saves. The components of fitness – definitions, examples and tests, Test 1: National Coaching Foundation abdominal curl test, The Illinois agility test comprises a weaving running course, marked by cones, which has to be completed in the shortest possible time. A deliberate intent to harm or injure another person, which can be physical or mental (see direct and indirect aggression). Examples: A weightlifter performing a clean and jerk; putting the shot; a boxer punching a right hook; a rugby player in a scrum, pushing against the opposition pack. As many correct abdominal curls (sit-ups) as possible are performed in 30 seconds. Sitting down with straight legs and feet flat against the box, the participant slowly reaches forward as far as possible and holds the furthest position for 3 seconds. Definition: The ability of a muscle to apply force and overcome resistance or the amount of force a muscle can exert. An athlete such as Katarina Johnson-Thompson will only be interested in how her fitness data compares to other athletes and specifically to her own previous fitness test performances. Fitness can be broken down into different components or parts. Health, fitness and exercise are essential to the sporting and life performance of humans. When you exert a force against an immovable object, muscles stay the same length, Useful in activities such as arm wrestling and rugby scrums, When you exert a force in short, fast movement, When you apply a force repeatedly over a long period of time, For speed, you need fast reaction times-the time it takes you to respond to something (a starter’s gun, or a pass in football), and fast movement times-the time it takes you to carry out a movement (a shot on goal, or 100m sprint). It is the ability to move the joints through their full range of motion. Shoulder flexibility is needed in racquet sports to enable a greater range of shot and hip flexibility is required in hurdles. 859526_AQA_GCSE_PE_FINAL_Marketing_Sample_V4.indd 2 11/05/2016 14:47. Time is recorded and compared with previous times or other times on the internet. Our team of exam survivors will get you started and keep you going. Definition: The ability to change the direction or position of the body at speed. Definition: The ability of a muscle to apply force and overcome resistance or the amount of force a muscle can exert. Examples: A rower repeatedly pulling their oar against the water to propel the boat towards the line; a cyclist's leg muscles turning the pedals; in the gym, completing 40 sit-ups. Strength is the maximum amount of force that a muscle or muscle group can apply against a resistance. The score is recorded and compared with previous scores or other scores on the internet. These normative scores are indicators of how the participant has performed in comparison to the general population. This test assesses the flexibility of the hamstrings and lower back. Our heart and lungs are able to cope with activity for relatively long periods of time without getting tired. The time is recorded and compared with the published tables. The score is then compared with the published tables. The relationship between the three is cyclical. Health, fitness and exercise are essential to the sporting and life performance of humans. Read about our approach to external linking. This gives a reading for the strength of hand grip. . As a result, Katarina's ongoing fitness can be tracked and action can be taken exactly when and where it is needed most. Basketball players, gymnasts, skiers, table tennis players and hockey players all need agility. A large part of muscle strength is endurance, which is the muscles' ability to repeat the contraction for a longer period of time before it becomes exhausted. It can be attempted using free weights or multigym equipment and should be worked up to gradually, with rests between lifts. Our team of exam survivors will get you started and keep you going. As a result, Katarina's ongoing fitness can be tracked and action can be taken exactly when and where it is needed most. ...elite forces, comprising about one-tenth of the strength of the army. All the fitness tests provide data which can be compared to normative scores. Definition: The range of movement (ROM) at a joint. [ + of] Synonyms: size, extent, magnitude, greatness More Synonyms of strength. strength - know the definition of strength ... and learning resources that can be used to enhance and support the delivery of the ‘components of fitness’ topic in GCSE Physical Education are provided below. Fitness tests are only relevant when the scores are compared to normative data. An athlete such as Katarina Johnson-Thompson will only be interested in how her fitness data compares to other athletes and specifically to her own previous fitness test performances. 9. uncountable noun. The handle is squeezed as hard as possible with one hand. The course is completed in the shortest possible time; the starting position is lying face down. Strength: The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance: Pushing with all one’s force in a rugby scrum against the resistance of the opposition pack

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