Then check out the bonus theory post for 23 additional theories to really push your wider reading! Gender is performative – our ideas of femininity and masculinity are constructed in our performances of these roles. First year media quiz - what do you know so far? Why cast a Black kid in the role of a thief? ", http://www.notablebiographies.com/He-Ho/Hooks-Bell.html, https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/MissOzzy/theory-theorists, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feminist_Theory:_From_Margin_to_Centerabout bell hooks' book "from margin to center". " The name "bell hooks" is borrowed from her maternal great-grandmother, Bell Blair Hooks.

Post was not sent - check your email addresses! This liberation, in turn, leads to larger social transformation. However, over the years the term…. Does an increased consumption of “Black culture” by White, privileged youth help eliminate social inequality, or is “Blackness” simply a commodity?

WHY STUDY POPULAR CULTURE? These questions may seem familiar to students of sociology, but they are not straightforward. hooks argued that mainstream feminism silences experiences of race, ethnicity and class. This book provides readers with a measured, contextualized introduction to how hooks' writings on media and culture enhance our understanding of key concepts in communication. : Black Women and Feminism and Feminist Theory: From Margin to Centre. - Sex equality act was not passed until 1975. When Black women publicly question this racist and sexist logic, they are denied professional opportunities, even after an Oscar win. That is, it applies philosophies, concepts, and logics articulating feminist principles and concepts to media processes such as hiring, production, and distribution; to patterns of representation in news and entertainment across platforms; and to reception.

Her work shows how women of colour have been marginalised by power structures in society as well as by White feminists who purport to speak about the universal struggle of all women. Why was Spike Lee seen as a “failure” in Hollywood at the peak of his career? Why is it James Earl Jones who voices the villain in Star Wars—who decides that a deep Black male voice represents evil? She argues that black women should develop an ‘oppositional Definition by OCR In patriarchal culture, the way women’s bodies are represented as objects is different to the representation of male bodies as spectacle. I mean rather than seeing literacy and the visual and our pleasure in the visual as oppositional to one another, I think we have to see them as compatible with one another. Starting out as a literature professor, hooks would go on to challenge cultural studies in the early 1980s with books such as Ain’t I A Woman? Feminist Frequency - representation in videogames, Liesbet Van Zoonen - Feminism and Media Studies.

Bell Hooks' writings have been touchstones for major debates in the "culture wars", fostering insight into many central questions in communication studies. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Therefore, it is necessarily a struggle to eradicate the ideology of domination that permeates Western culture on various levels, as well as a commitment to reorganizing society so that self-development of people can take precedence over imperialism, economic expansion, and material desires" Feminism, then, can be thought of as a belief system that, by ending domination in all its guises, liberates people so that they can be their best selves. So that we can both resist certain kinds of conservatising representation and at the same time create new and exciting representations. ... bell hooks would argue that this video is … Her work is vital to students and scholars who explore the ways in which media shape our sense of our selves, our roles, and those with whom we interact. Start studying Media studies (A Level) - representation theory. She discusses how students she taught in White, privileged schools feel a sense of entitlement about their future in a way that people of colour students in poorly funded schools do not imagine for themselves. Magazine rough rough draft - how to submit. While women make up only 7% of the world’s directors, most of them are from majority ethnic and racial groups. Gloria Jean Watkins (born September 25, 1952), better known by her pen name bell hooks, is an American author, professor, feminist, and social activist.
refers to the intersections of gender, race, class and sexuality to create a Feminism is a hooks also explores whether mainstream music can be thought of as evidence of sexual liberation when it remains sexist and racist (such as Madonna’s sexual exploitation of Black men), and whether rap culture can be thought as “authentic” when lucrative rap producers are “pushing a product.” That is, popular music pursues wealth via images and language that position abuse as erotic. To search for something specific, please click on the 'labels' bar above.

Why does Hollywood tell stories the way they do, with racism and racist sexism at the core? Bandura's 'Media Effects' theory has been applied to video games, and the effects that violent games may have on its users. Hooks' insistence on focusing our attention on the workings of power and the impact of history and her willingness to explore connections between individual and group experiences have produced provocative, fruitful conjectures about media and culture. Welcome back, second year! Gender is ‘what we do’ rather than… Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. hooks argues much of popular rap music perpetuates a “colour caste system” within Black culture, by elevating the status of lighter-skinned, straight-haired Black women over those with darker skin (for a more recent example, see Straight Outta Compton). Black American cultural theorist bell hooks’ distinguished contribution to sociology has been to unearth the intersecting issues of cultural difference, race and knowledge within feminism. THEORY - REPRESENTATION (FEMINIST THEORY), THEORY - REPRESENTATION (ETHNICITY AND POST-COLONIAL), THEORY - REPRESENTATION (GENDER PERFORMATIVITY). Note: This post was first published on my Tumblr. Van Zoonen – feminism and patriarchy. representations. I will not bow down to somebody else's whim or to someone else's ignorance. movement to end patriarchy: sexism, sexist exploitation, and oppression.

He believed that media representations of transgressive behaviour, such as violence or physical aggression, can lead members to imitate those forms of behaviour.

BELL HOOKS: ... who started off doing feminist theory or more traditional literary criticism or what have you begin to write about popular culture, largely because of the impact it was having as the primary pedagogical medium for masses of people globally who want to, in some way, understand the politics of difference. Laura Mulvey - 'The male gaze' 1975 - Majority of films are viewed from perspective of a heterosexual male. to be “feminist” in any authentic sense of the term is to want for all people, female and male, liberation from sexist role patterns, domination, and oppression.” ― Bell Hooks hooks expands the feminist agenda beyond the issue of sex/gender, arguing that society needs to be transformed so that all systems of domination--not just patriarchy, but also racism, imperialism, and capitalism--are eradicated:"Feminism is a struggle to end sexist oppression. hooks notes that critical thinking can enhance not just these students whose choices are constrained. In 'The Feminine Mystique' (1983), Betty Freiden argues women were restricted to role of housewife and mother, giving up on work and education. Component three - magazine - project brief and advice.

Want to have all this information (and loads more) in a format that's loads easier on the eye? 3 about gender or instead feeds into the oppression of women in a patriarchal society.

Why is it okay to watch movies and expect women to be raped and killed as part of the narrative arc? This means that people who are not white, male and upper class will not see their values in media products and means that whole groups of people and their values can be misrepresented or ignored. Women shouldn’t be the only ones working to dismantle systems of oppression that affect both men and women.

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